TRANSACPIONS

OF THE

LINNEAN: 4.00 1% 7 AX,

TRANSACTIONS

LINNEAN SOCIETY

VOLUME NG

BOTANICAL GaRDEN.

"tL ON DON: v— PRINTED BY y. DAVIS. SOLD AT THE SOCIETY: s HOUSE, No. 10, PANTON- SQUARE, COVENTRY- STREET; AND BY JOHN WHITE, FLEET-STREET.

M.DCC.XCyII,

g VES Sufexienfis; ; Or, 2 Catalogue of Birds found in 1 the County of Suffex, with Remarks, ‘by William Markwick, Ej; finde 3g E : ra | Page rx

IJ. Anecdotes of the late Dr, Patrick Browne, Author of the Natural P of a eg EUG eee m

po e

| m. TET Three rare -— fE Britifh Lukes By G. Mon- - tagu, Eja. F. L.S. | EE ; ams u 35

IV. Account of Jome Species of Foffil Anomie found in Deia By Mr. William Magn; 5 L. $.

V. Effay-on the ede Spot in the Wings of the Locuftae of Fabricius, - as indicating the Male Sex. By Profeffor Anthony Auguftus - Henry Lichtenftein, F. M. L. $. _ p 51

VI. A New Arrangement of the Genus Polytrichum, with fm er dations . e Mr. Archibald iio, "P Aim (ud fa es S oq x3 VIL Ob-

vi | C ON TSE^N T &

VIL. Obfervations on the Spinning Limax. By John Lath am, M. D. F. R. S. and L. S. Romfey —.- + Pag 85

VIUN. An Effay on the Trachece or Windpipes of various Kinds of E Birds. By John batho M. D. F.R.S. and L.S. Romfty. 90

IX. Obferoations on Bituminous Sub ea A a DISTR of the Varieties of i ihe E Elafic ‘Bitumen, | By Chatles-Hatchett, E/7. F. R. S. Lond. and Edin. F. L. S. 8. p20,

X. An Account of ihe Sumping. Moufe of Conn Dipus Cater denfis. By Maa eU Thomas Bee es F. R. S. and L.S, 1 55

d XI. OBfervations- 05 Parar Fe certain Plants, By the Rds

. Thomas Martyn, B. D. F. R. S. V. P. L.S. Regius Profe efor of, Botany i in the Univerfity of Cambridge Ae o Pe 1 58

XII. Remarks on fome Foreign Species of Orobanche, - $ James - Edward Smith, M. D. F.R.S. P. L. $. | E

O—— Austen ocu

XIH. 4 Defeription of Fe Five ‘Brie Sone er “Orobancher-... | Rev. Charles Sutton, B. D. 4. L. S. [^ Fellow y pros E

College, Cambridge deu c P. 17 3 X IV. Account, accompanied by a Figure, of a mmute PEDE. By George Shaw, AL D, F.R.S. FRE s ih is 189 XV. Defeription of the Phafi ma dilatatum: By Mr. John Park- infon, F, L.S. -— == p m XVI. Die/iription of the ‘Blight = Wheat, .Uredo Frumenti, By 5 ER ombertr ie TER Re I PBR p 193

XVII. Ama

a

CONTENTS

vii

XVII. Ammopbila, a New Genus of Infeéts in the Clafs Hymen-

optera, including the Sphex fabulofa of Linnaus. By the Rev. William Kirby, F. L. S. —— Page

XVIII. The Characters of Twenty New Genera of Plants. By James Edward Smith, M.D, FORQSSP.LOS. p-

ee eae

195 :

213

| XIX. Cites on the Wheat Infect, in a Letter to the

Rev. Samuel Goodenough, LL.D, F. R.S. Tr. L.S. By Thomas Marfham, E/j. Sec. LeS me p.

XX. Hiflory of Tipula Tritici, and Ichneumon Sipule, with* fome Obfervations upon other Infecis that attend the Wheat, in a Letter to Thomas Marfoam, Efq. Sec. L.S. By the Rev. William Kirby, F. LS, oo EL p-

224 -

230

XXI. Account of a New Species of Mufticapa, ias New South A

Wales. Zz RUE General Thomas Davies, RR S and

zT idi pa ; : P.

XXII. on the Genus Paufus, and Defcription of a New

Species. By Adam Afzelius, M. D. Demonftrator of Botany in.

the Univerfity of Upfala, F, R. S. and F. M. L. S. p

240

"

XXIII. Obfervations on the Britifb Species of Bromus, with Intro- _ :

duciory Remarks on tbe Compofition of a Flora Britannica. By

James Edward Smith, M. D. —Ó pg ut Es |

276

| XXIV. Some Correttions of the m Defcripsion of Polytrichum :

m, p. 79, with an Account of another New m J the fime Genus, i Mr. Archibald Menzies, F. L.S. P 303

i Page

CEs V err EE Ke gh ER. . E uc e tm

MERIN B A CTI O N S

OF THE

LINNEAN. SOCIETY

1. Aves Suffexienfes; or, A Cosi of Birds found i in the County of Suffex, ‘with Remarks, by nanan Markwick, Efq. F. L. S.

Read May 5, 1795

-ORDER I. Rapacioits. E GENUS I. Falcon...

ers P ein Eacte. Falco Chryfaetos.” | Several years ago I faw a bird of this fpecies, which was | killed at Bexhill iri this neighbourhood. Common Buzzard. Falco Buteo. | 3 Moor Buzzard. Falko erugmofut. 4 Kite Falo Milóu; S S Vor. IV.

us

BR 5 Peregrine

à Mr. Mankwick's Catalogue of Birds

5 Peregrine Falcon. Pako peregrinus.

A bird of this fpecies was lately living in a gentleman’s garden at Lewes} it was taken when young in the - neighbourhood.

6 Henharrir. Falco T

Ringtail. Falco Pyeareus. 7 Kee ———— 8 Sparrow Hawk. Faka Nifus. Ecc 9 Hobby. Falco Subbuteo.

10 Merlin. Falco Æfalon.

II *** Minute Falcon. Fake minutus 2 On the 6th of September 1794. I {hot afmallhawk which - .. 1fuppofed to be this bird. mt e.

I2 *** Dark brown Hawk, or Buzzard. | This was alive in the garden at Denn in 1793.

^ Genus il. Owl * Eared Owls.

I never faw this bird myfelf, but am informed « has been found here,

3 ! ** with fmooth heads,

14 White Owl. Strix flammea,

I5 Tawny Owl. Strix firidula,

16 Brown Owl. Sirix Ulula,

Orver II. Pies, Genus III. Shrike, 17 ** Red-backed Shrike. Lanius Collurio, >

Genus

| found in the County of Sufi. E 3

GENUS IV. Crow, ;

18 Raven. Corvus Corax. :

- I9 Carrion Crow. Corvus Corones _ 20 Rook. Corvus frugilegus: ` -21 ** Hooded or Royfton Crow, Corvus Cornis. 22 Jack-daw. Corvus Monedulc.

23-2589. Corvus glandarius.

24 Magpie. Corvus Pica,

25 Red-legged Crow. Corvus Crain: à

Genus V. Roller. 26***Garrulous Roller. Coracias Garrula. A bird of this fpecies was killed in this Réighbourhood, -

Genus Vie “Cuckoo. P 27.* Common Cuckoo. Cuculus canorus; i o Gaus VIE: Weyneck. 28 " anan _ Syne Torguilla, Tea z | ENUS VIII. W oodpecker. 29 Green Wandert Picus viridis... 30 Greater {potted Woodpecker. Picus major. . 81 Leffler fpotted Woodpecker. Picus minor. Pa e I believe this fpecies is rare. - Many: years ago T fhot one; z but have not feen itfince. ~ -~ P ii 4

Pa

: GENUS IX. aries, 32. Common papine Alcedo Tfpidas

; ; >. |. Genus X. Nuthatch. 22^ European Nuthatch. Sitta europea.

: Genus XI. Hoopoe.

A Common Hoopoe, Upupa JUL e o IE n. Li. é pa UE ' ^. GENUS

-a Reed Sparrow, Emberiza Schænielus.

4 Mr, Marxwickx’s Catalogue of Birds

Genus XII... Creeper. 3s Common Creeper. Certhia familiaris,

Orver HII. Pafferine. Genus XIII. Stare.

36 È ommon Stare. Sur. Ius | vulgaris, inn XIV. is A— 37 Miffel Thrufh. Turdus vi UfcrvorUse wD Ek R

398 Throftle. Turdus müficus,: = 39 ** Redwing. Turdus iliacus. 40 ** Fieldfare. Turdus pilaris. ue 41 Blackbird. Turdus Merula. ——— 42 *** Ring Ouzel. Turdus torquatus. 43 *** Rofe-coloured 'Thrüfh," Tardus feus, - _ This bird was killed at Eaft Bourn, and fent to Sir Afh- ton Lever’s Mufeum, -as I was informed,

i (GENUS wes Chatterer, 244 x% Waxen Chatt reret = Ampel

quere XVI “Golak. cS 45 *** Common Crofsbill. Loxia Curviro oftra. ‘46 *** Hawfinch. Loxia Coccotbraufes, = ` 47 Bullfinch. Loxia Pyrrhula. ~ ` 49 ^ Greenfinch. Loxia Chloris.

; GENUS XVIL Bartiig. - 49 *** Snow Bunting. Emberiza nivalis’ I have feen one fpecimen of this bird, killed here in a hard winter. 50 Yellowhammer. Emberiza Citrine 5I Common Bunting, Emberiza Miliaria.

GENUs

found in the County of Suffer. $s

3 Genus XVII. Finch. 53 Houfe Sparrow. Fringilla domeftica, s4 Chaffinch. Fringilla celebs. 55 *** Brambling. Fringilla Montifringilla. 56 Goldfinch. Fringilla Carduelis, 57 *** Sifkin. _ Fringilla Spinus. _ 55 Linnet. Fringi Genus XIX. F lycatcher. * Spotted Flycatcher. Mufcicapa Grifola.

x Coldfinch. Mufcicapa atricapilla © I think I once faw this bird fitting on the walls of the

old caftle at Winchelfea..

Genus XX. Lark.

6r Sky Lark. Alauda arvenfis. 62 - Wood Lark. Alauda arborem, , 63 ‘Tit Lark. Alauda pratenfis. > = Seen here i in i only ei Sees effer Tit Lark mes "Seen here in winter only, and then in flocks together.

| Genus XXI. Wagtail- 6; White Wagtail. Motacilla alba...

66 Grey Wagtail. Motacilla Boarula. 67 Yellow Wagtail. Motacilla fava.

Genus XXII., Warbler...

6 * Nightingale. Sylvia Lufeinia.

69 * _ Pettychaps. Syluta hortenfis.

40 + -Black-cap. Sylvia atricapilla.

7i Hedge-fparrow. Sylvia modularis.

42 * Redftart. Sylvia Pheenicurus. ees. 73 * White-throat. Sylvia cineréae aE

t ..74 Sedge. -

02

mode. E i sy.

Mr. Marxwicr’s Catalogue of Birds

Sedge Warbler. Sylvia /alicaria,

Red-breaft. Sy/via Rubecula.

Stone-chat. Sylvia Rubicola. => =

Whin-chat. Sylwia Rubetra.

Wheat-ear. Sylvia Oenanthe. —.

Wren. Sylvia Troglodytes.

Gold-crefted Wren. ^ Syloig Regulus. Willow Wren. Sylvia NP: lis TENS

Sat Genus XXIII. . Titmoufe Great Titmoufe. Parus major.

Blue Titmoufe. Parus ceruleus. Ey:

Colemoufe. Paras diet. siis: > ido Marth Titmoufe. Parus palafizis, Te Long-tailed Titmoufe. ` Parus caudatus,

Genus XXIV. Swallow.

* Houfe Swallow. Hirundo rufica.

M artin. ilieundo urbica.

Swifts Hran ps drop eir GENUS XXV. Oaka. | European Goatfucker. Jerome gaa ce SERE

ORDER IV. Columbine. |

; Genus XXVI. Pigeon, Comsdón Pigeon. Columba Oenas. Seen here only in the domeftic ftate ; bit I have been informed, that they are found in the wild ftate in ; the weftern part of this county. ; Ring Dove. Columba Palumbus. En ox | | | DONATUM 94. * Com-

und in the County of Suffers = 5 94 * Common Turtle. Columba Turtur.

. Seen here only i in the fummer, generally two together; but not very common,

Orver V. Gallinaceous. | Genus XXVI Peácock. g5 Peacock. Pavo crifiatus. —" Only in a domeftic ftate. Genus XXVIII. Turkey. 96 Common Turkey. Meleagris Gallopavo. . Only in a domeftic ftate. - : ! Genus XXIX. Pintado. | 97 Pintado, or Guinea Hen. Numida Meleagris. - ou i in a domeftic ftate.

Genus: XXX. eus pee

E

! imm py raeg ay oem anus colchicus.

Genus XXXI.- Grous. - ico Black Grous.- Tetrao Tetrix, | I have feen this fpecies on ‘St. Leonard’ s foreft near? COM | ME XXXII. Partridge. - ror Common Partridge. Perdix cinerea. 102 * Common Quail. Perdix Coturnix,

x us Genus XXXI Buftard.: 103 ^ inen Buftard. Otis Tarda. ^ Sometimes feen on our South Downs. <i 104. * 'Thick-knee'd Buftard, Ois oedicnemus. E | S | Division”

*

Ro -~ Mr. Marxwicr’s Catalogue of Birds

Divison I. WATER BIRDS

OrDER VI. With cloven” Feet.

GENUS XXXIV. Heron. 105 Common Heron. - 4 "einer ea. 106 Bittern. Ardea Sire 7 M OCT | | ‘Genus XXXV. Curlew. | 107 Common Curlew. Numenius Arquata. 108 Whimbrel.. Numenius Phaopus. - 3

Genus XXXVI. Snipe. -

. 109 ** Woodcock. Scolopas Rufficola. ey

110 *** Great Snipe. Scolopax major. .— | | I have. feen one of this fpecies. Filo Was killed. near

Horfham. x

11x ** Common Snipe. . Scolopax Gallinago.

112 ** Jack Snipe. S di OE

113 *** Red Godwit; "Stobpassdapsonisae

II4 Redíhank. Scolopax Calis

. 315. Common Godwit. - Scolopas Jess

| Genus XXXVII. Sandpiper. 116 AEN Tringa Vanellus. 117 *** Grey Plover. Tringa Squatarola.

118 Green Sandpiper. Tringa Ochropus. ! = Wood Sandpiper. Tringa Glareola. i19 Common Sandpiper. Tringa ag 120 Sea Sandpiper. Tringa maritima. te i21 ** Pure. Tringa COS i Gs E 122 Dunlin. Tringa alpina, . |

123, n omen grey Sandpiper. Tringa. arenaria,

ER. C eade cun -

LI] ¥

GENUS

found in the County of Suffers © 9

Genus XXXVII. Plover.

124 Golden Plover. ; Charadrius pluvialis, 125 * Sea Lark. Charadrius Hiaticula. 126 ** Sanderling. Charadrius Colore

Genus XXXIX. Oyfter-catcher. 127 Common Oyfter-catcherz— He matopus oftralegus. | Genus XL. Rail. 128 Water Rail. Rallus aquaticus. © Genus XLI. Gallinule. 129 * Land Rail Gallinula Grex. =" E d 130 Common Water-hen. ^Gallinula chloropus.

131 *** Spotted Gallinule. Gallinula Porzana. This bird was once thot by the fide of a -mili-pond.à in

: this ephauaned

Bias te VIL. With, pinnate d Feet, T E cane CSTE XLI. E 152 Common Coot. Fulica atra,

| if © Genus XLIII. Grebe. PT tees - Tippet Grebe. Podiceps criffatus. 134 *** * Eared or lefler crefted Grebe. ae auritus,

Onnzn VIII. - “Websfooted, * with long legs. Se “GENTS XLIV. Avofetta. 135 Avofctta.. Recurvirofira avofetia.

Mo. IV. es Omer ee with

347 . Black-headed

10 Mr. Marxwicr’s Catalogue of Birds

** with fhort legs,

GENUS XLV. Auke ES 136 Puffin. Aica areticai 5> s o o 137 Razor-bill. Alca Tordo 7o o 138 Black-billed Auk, Alca Pica. =

139 Guillemot. - Cin E rr ma - d. Speckled Diver. Columbus festus HES is Wo Ss | Genus XLVI: sip 141 * Greater Tern. Sterna Hirundo. 5 “ere 142 * Lefer Tern... Sterna minuta. Tse ee 143 * Black Tern. Sterna fifite pe HES. he jogp Eg Pt u nemis s Genus XLVIII. Gull. : ; FA Black and white Gull. Larus marinus”

145 Wagel. Larus nevius. 146 Common Gull. Larue canus..| M Tid

148 ** Winter Mew. “Larus bybern Tm 449 ‘Skua. Laru:cataradie cu I See . lam much miftaken if I have n not feen this s gull o on our

coaft. 150 . Párrock Gull. CS tridactylus, LXD ornp OHES ed I had oné of thefe in my poffeffion : it was caught alive | in a hard froft near my houfe,. and I have fince feen it on the fca-fhore. =

Genus XLIX. Merganter. 151 *** Dun Diver, - Mergus Caftor.

152 *** Red-breafted Goofander. “Mergus Serrator. Pex 155 *** Minute Merganfer, Mergus minutus, : io I

154

. found inthe County of Sufin” ` IL

Smew. Mergus Zlbellus; I never met with this bird, but awe heard it called the Magpie Diver; fo that e e it is fometimes Ícen on this coaft. :

Gaxus ii. Duck.

1:5 *** Wild Swan. Anas Cygnus: CERIN SENN

156 ~157

158;

Sometimes killed on our coaft in hard winters. Tame Swan. “Anas Olor, Canada Goofe. Anas canadenfis. }

Seen in the river at Horfham in a domeftic ftate. Wild Goofe. Anas Anfer ferus. i

“Tame Goofe. : Anas Anfer domeffica.

159 +e Laughing Goofe. Anas albifrons.

Sometimes killed on our coaft in hard. wibtets, Psa

oe *""* Bean Goofe. Anas Segetum. 161i *** Bernacle. Anas erythropus:

| 162

p

- Tame Duck. Anas Bofchas domeftica

One of this pee was as killed on 1 asalak ries

" Le rom —- eee |

Seen in a domeftic ftate. ° Mufcovy Duck. Anas mofchata. Seen i ina domeftic fate; ^ inefe Goofe. © Anas eygnoides,~ Seen in 4 dotrieflic Mase! cece uus Scoter or Black Duck... Anas nigra, Sometimes feen in great flocks at fea, not far from fhore.

Common Wild Duck. Anas uo

Pia E Scaup Duck. . Anas Marila,

Killed : on our coaft i in 1789. .— doe m EMT. "Ca ' " 368 Shieldrake,

12 Mr. Marxwicx’s Catalogue of Birds

168 Shieldrake. Anas Tadorna:

169 ** Wigeon. Anas Penelope.

170 ** Pochard. Anas ferma. S

171 ** Pintail Duck. Anas acuta. 3 172 ** Golden Eye. Anas Clangula. ay 173 eal Anas Crecca. s

miw DUEGENOS- Ghis Pisae ; : : IARNA So. Ae ee 174 Corvorant. Pelecanus Carbo, 2°" coe x6 a 175*** Gannet. Pelecanus baffanus. —- - X

Once fhot in this neighbourhood.

N. B. One afterifk (*) immediately after the number affixed to the bird, fignifies a fummer’ bird of \paffages two- afteritks: (t a winter bird of paffage ; and three (***) an occafional vifitor, or bird whofe migration is irregular and uncertain... The reft, without any afterifk, are fuppofed to be refident here. in this ifland, throughout the whole year, 9 o = = nh

NOTES, or REMARKS, on the foregoing CATALOGUE,

No. 6.—Henharrier. Falco cyaneus. 5

. Ringtail. Falo Pygargus. 1 SEVERAL years ago I fhot two of the blue grey Hawk, or Hen- harrier, which differed confiderably in the colour of their plumage, The firft was of a light afh-colour, marked with reddifh oblong - Apots on the breaft and hinder part of the head, like the figure’ in the folio edition of the Britith Zoology ; the other had none of

found in the County of Sufjex. cu

thefe oblong reddifh fpots, either on the breaft or hinder part of the head, but was all over of the fame pale aíh-colour, be- coming gradually lighter on the under fide to the belly, which was - white.. This induced me to conclude (perhaps too haftily) that thefe two birds were male and female of the fame fpecies, and that the brown hawk, with a white rump or ring-tail, was a different fpecies; but a gentleman. in this neighbourhood lately informed me, that his. game- keeper, fome time laft fummer, killed both the Hen- harrier and the Ringtail from the fame neft, and that there is no doubt of their being male and female of the fame fpecies. If fo, the difference in the colour of my two birds muft arife from their different ages ; the firft, with reddifh fpots, being, as I fuppofe, the youngeft, and ftill-retaining fomewhat of the ferruginous colour of the Ringtail; the other, which was all over of a light afh-colour, bfuppofe to. have been an old bird, and had attained to its full co-

lour. - -

- No. 12.— Dark brown Hawk orDBüzzatd. —— a a TE e ee ee birds were. cm to ee

| és in TT mn unm in yos of therooks. Oneof them was taken, and kept alive in the garden, where I found it, and made a drawing and defcription of it. If it is not a variety of the Moor Buzzard, Falco eruginofus, it probably is a new Britith fpecies ; for I cannot find, either in-Mr.:Pennant’s or Mr. Latham's works, any deícription that perfectly agrees with it.. It feems to me to be _

E - of lefs dimenfions, . of a-more {lender make, and more active than.

= the Moor Buzzard: but, as I never had this latter bird in my pole; feffion, I cannot form a proper judgment upon it.

Hooded or Royfton Crow. Corvus Cornix:

Es with refpe& to us, a bird of paflage, ade feon only in the winter, and then only near the fea-fide. On the 30th oes | us of

14 Mr. Marxwicr’s Catalogue of Birds

of March 1790, as I was walking in my land, which is about four miles diftant from the fea-fhore, I faw, what I thought had the appearance of migration in thefe birds, a fmall flock of them (lefs than twenty in number), having paffed. E by me from the fea towards the north.

4

No. 2; 3.—Red- -legged Crow. Corvus Gr aculus.

_ This bird frequents the South Downs _ about Beachy Head and Eaft Bourn, where i it is called the Red-billed Jack-daw, | T.

No. 26.—The Roller. Coracias Garrula.

This uncommon bird was killed in our neighbourhood ; I made a drawing from its fkin, which differed, in fome refpeéts, from Mr. Edward's figure; whence I had reafon to think that mine was a young bird of the preceding year, driven acrofs the fea into this . Afland by the ftormy weather which pervers about that time,

No. 27.— The Cuckoo. Cuculus canorus.

‘The old birds of this fj ecies ae us Sad - -— to fing, which is about the latter end of Tunes oe MR fometimes sed very late in she sutumn,—as Tte Sti the 281 pter = |

No. 34.—The Hbpoe, Upupa E pops. . |

I once had this beautiful bird alive in my pofleffion ; and, at an. other time, one of thefe birds flew. before my horfe, near Eaft .. Bourn in this county, and fuffered me to approach near enough to

diftinguifh its colour, and even its creft, though it carried the lat ter folded up as it lew. From what I could obferve in both thefe birds, it feems to refemble the Jay in its habits, niote or {creech, men in its ‘manner of Tig

particularly i in its

Sound in the County of Suffex.. ‘as

No. 44.—The Chatterer. Ampelis Garrulus,

This rare bird fometimes. makes its appearance here in hard. winters: I have met with two inftances of it.

No. 45.—The Grofs-bill. Loxia Curviroffra.

I have known two or three inftances of this bird being killed in: the neighbourhood. “A male bird of this fpecies was fent me by a friend on the 15th of January 1795. :

No. 46.—The Hawfinch. Loxia Ceccotbrauftes. Two inftances of this bird's being met with here, in hard winters, have fallen within my obfervation.

$

No. 54.—The Chaffinch. Fringilla celebs.

Mr. White, in his Natural Hiftory of Selborne, afférts; that only the hen Chaffinches are to be feen in winter at that place; or,. at moft, but very few cocks among them. Such. a i onini

(which confirms. Linneus' account of the mig gration i ET VA 1 y. ig. fo near to this place as ie Vet: next

ty AA me to "laic particular notice of thefe birds, efpecially in the winter. Not long fince, as I was riding, I obferved a number of Chaffinches in the hedges on each fide of the road, and, as far as F could diftinguith, mof of them appeared to be cocks. I now began to'think that I had difcovered fome:traces of this partial migration, and that the hens were gone, and had left their mates behind them: but my fubfequent obfervations have not tended to confirm this idea; for, fince that time, I have feen at leaft as many hens as cocks ;. particularly on the 22d of this month,. January 1795; ‘nineteen of thefe birds. were killed and brought to. me. On examination, there proved to be ten females and nine males; fo that I muft revert back to my original opinia that no. Tk penat migration of one ir ung takes q pas en

16 Mr. Mankwick's Catalogue of Birds No. 55.—The Brambling. Fringilla Montifringilla. - This bird is fometimes driven hither (as I fuppofe) by the feve-

rity of the winter in more.northern countries. .I have eet with a few inftances of it in very hard winters.

No. 57. —The Sitkin. . Fringilla Spinus.

"The vilits of this bird to usin this neighbourhood feem to be very irregular and uncertain. Some: years ago, :Lfaw at, feveral times, in the month of. April only, frequenting fome fir-trees near my houfe, as may be feen in my Table publifhed in the Firft Vo- _ lume of the Linnean Tranfactions; but for thefe ES fourteen years I have never feen it once. ` |

No. 59 —The oe Dan Me Gri fila.

"The chief food of this bird being flies, it does not make its ap- pearance here till late in the fpring,—never before May. -A pair of thefe birds have conftantly built their neft, every year, in the

fame hole of the wall of my bgufe, for a. rige number of eon | which. leaves. but. little room to. doubt, . i

whence: do. they. come ?. Do ra come from. a Te ee “country (lying perhaps on the other fide the equator), and repair annually -

to the fame identical fpot for the purpofe of incubation? or, Do ice at the proper feafon of the year, come out from their hiding- -place near at hand, where they have pafled the winter in a torpid Sim fecure from the feverity of that feafon ? ;

o. 69.--The greater Pettychaps. Sylvia hortenfis.

| I is had two birds i in my poffeffion, which, from their fi ize, I .am perfuaded were of -this fpecies : there was fome difference in "ur colour, one being of a more olivaceous green t than the other;

e and

found in the County of Suffer. | i4

and alfo in their fize, but both of them, were larger than the com- mon Pettychaps, Sylvia Hippolais. |

No. 74.—The Sedge Warbler. Sylvia falicaria,

This bird is feen here only in the fummer, and is then not very common ; it is a very lively a&ive bird, which frequents the reeds near ponds, and fings very prettily. | iiis “No. ;8.—The Wheat-ear. Sylvia Oenanthe, !

This little bird, which is found in great plenty on our South

m

quiries refpetting them of a fhepherd at Eaft Bourn, who in- formed me, that the flights confifted chiefly of young birds, which arrived in the greateft numbers when a wefterly wind prevailed, and that they always came againft the wind. He told me that on the rsth and 16th of Auguft 1792 he caught twenty-feven dozen with only a few old birds amongft them ; but this isa {mall number when compared with the almoft incredible quantity fometimes taken. A Gentleman informed me, that his father’s fhepherd once caught eighty-four dozen in one day. Early in the {pring only a few old birds are to be feen, and none (that I could ever öbferve in the winter. “I enquired of the fhepherd whether thefe breed on the Souths Downs : the anfwer was, A few only... so . s Mor. IV. | D | "^ No. 86,

1$ Mr, Marxwic’s Catalogue of Birds

. No. 80.—The Gold-crefted Wren. ` Sylvia Regulus. ' |

This, I believe, is the fmalleft bird in Europe; yet, notwith- ftanding its diminutive fize, it is able to brave our fevereft winters, as I have before obferved. Being very ímall, fond of folitude,. and living chiefly in the woods, it is not often obferved ; but I am inclined to think that thefe birds abound in: greater numbers than is generally fuppofed, becaufe, on the 4th of January 1793; I counted eight or nine of them playing about in a fhoi tcut copfe | within my fight at the fame time. In fummer it fings very pret-. tily; its note is weak, as may be- fuppofed from its fize, but melo- dious. Where and how it. breeds, know. not, having never feen its neft. ! |

Na. 81.—The common Willow. Wren Sylvia. Trochilus.

Fhave not yet been able to afcertain. the three different varieties of this bird mentioned by Mr. White in. his Natural. Hiftory of Selborne. I have more than once thot it in the very. act. of. utter- ing its fibilous thivering note, fpoken of by that Gentleman ;. but when T got it into my poffeffion, inftead of being bis.largeft Wil. low Wren, it proved-to be the common: kind,. or Motacilla. Trochilus of Linnaeus: It is an elegant, lively, active little bird, which is. very Common here in the fummer » and I once found its neft at the. bottom of a furze buth. | |

- Na 86—Tbe long-tailed Fitmoufe.. Parus- caudatus 0 ~~ Thefe birds are feen in fmall fiocks or companies together in the. winter time, flying from bough to bough in the woods and hedges.,

. No. 89.—'The Sand: Martin. Hirundo riparia.. T m = eh Not far from my houfe is a fand-pit, where thefe- birds. Hiave “made many holes, and build their nefts every years. By frequently

- gPound in the County of Suffer. > 39

vifiting this pit in the fpring, I have pretty accurately afcertained. the time of their arrival, or firft appearance, to be early in the. month of May. In the year 1789 none were to.be feen on the 28th of April, but on the 6th of May feveral were flying about the holes. In 1790, on the 8th of May none were to be feen, but òn the 12th of the fame month feveral made their appearance. In 1791 1 Vifited the pit on the sth. and 7th of May, but could difcover no birds; yet: on -the xoth; when I vifited it again, feve- ral were flying about. Since. that) time .my further obfervations have been prevented by fome Houfe Sparrows having taken poffeffion of the holes, and driven away the Sand Martins,

No. 90.—The Swift. Hi rundo Apus.

During my refidence at Eaft Bourn in the year 1792 I had an opportunity of marking the time of the departure or difappearanc of TOU with. fome accuracy. I godes. near. the church,

No. IO2. .—The Quail. Perdix Coturnix. "Thefe birds undoubtedly breed o on our South Mitre $44 in idi

autumn are found by the fport in the ftubbles in bévies or broods feveral together. It is probable that moft of them migrate ; but that they do not all leave this country I can aver, for | I well . remember, that, in company with a friend, we found three or four . brace of quails in one morning in the middle of winter (ajont, Chriftmas) in a field of tirnepr at Eaft Bourn.

No. 104.—The thick-kneed Buftard. Otis edicto, " b “Tt is called here. the Stone. Curlew, ‘and. breeds. on t] e fe Poms where its whittling note is frequently heard Ma feminei E ren D2 | evening.

20 Mr. Manwwren’s Catalogue of Birds

evening. That moft of thefe birds leave us in the autumn is moft probable; but I have known one inftance of its having been killed here in the winter. ;

No. 105.—The common Heron, Ardea cinerea.

Herons frequent our maríhes and fides of ponds in fearch al their food. "They probably come hither from Peníhurft Park in Kent, where there is a large Heronry; and vaft numbers of their nefts are to be feen in fome very large tall beech-trees,—often many ueíts in one tree.

No. 106.—The Bittern. Ardea fellar Hf. ya EOS ee

This bird is fometimes met with here, and in the fpring is fre- quently heard to blow or make a loud hollow found. This found WP been fuppofed from the bird's putting its bill into the hollow of a reed: this I fufpe& to bea vulgar error, and rather think that. ‘itis the call of love uttered, in the fpring, by the male, to invite the female to him, I once fhot one of thefe birds in frofty weather :

T o E E

it fell on the ice, which was only ft ong enough to fuppo tm | and they immediately rufhed forwards to attack, but, being. o; wounded, it defended itfelf fo vig roufly with its fharp-pointed bil],

that not a dog would touch. t, till I fired again and killed eC MEN

No. 107.—The common Curlew. - Numenius Arquata, ud

This bird is to be met with. on our fea-coaft, both in fummer and winter. = = Fe ie Be ope

No. 108.—The Whimbre. Numenius Pheopus. | .. This bird is not fo common as the foregoing fpecies; ERave

ae ste o © he PEs a

No. 11o,

found in te: Coury, of Fale x 7

“No.1 10:5 T'hé Great Snipe. Scolopax major. © :

| On the tft of O&ober 1793 1 received this bird from a dnd: I have no doubt of its being the Scolopax major of Mr. Latham, al- though it was inferior in fize and weight, and differed fomewhat in Aet ues that Gentleman’ E ns, s; pertisps's mine was a

Em MIRI A QUE. Pel x - Hed oe

“No. T 3 The Red. Godwit. Scolopax lapponica. ` "Thefe. birds are fometimes ik uk on our fea-coaft in great num-.

L believe this bi ; ever faw, was one tha

à í ort or Mr. Latham eis bill in fearch of food when I thot it.

No. 117 ey Grey Pk 'This bird i is feen on ou

fe 1 in the winter, and: then: but feldom.’ Ihave feen on

h was killed: on the in

(Ne hifce GroninSiandpires. Tri ringa ste ‘he pro ES <i AGA © The Wood Sandpiper. TringaGlarealaS. n “Theft birds agree fo nearly in’ fize; mode of ie sabor refpeéts, that they are with the greatelt probability fuppofed to

be e only v varieties of the fame fpecies, perhaps. male and. p A! 5 few

xta i È Aer

22 Mr. Ma R&WI ck's Catalogue of Birds

few of thefe birds frequent, the banks of the river at Horfham, and in 1793 I was in hopes that I fhould be able to afcertain whether it were fo or not; but I could procure o ly one of them, = which proved to be the Tringa Ochrapus. The Ux Glarecla.is de- fcribed in the Firft Volume of the Linnean Tranf. fons. i

No. 119.—The common Sandpiper. Tringa Hypoleeat . This is a folitary bird, frequenting the fides of pon | rivu= lets. I never had but one in my poffef | y fide of a large mill-pond i in the year 1773- E, :

No. 120.- amer Sandpiper. Tri ao” s F ath. Orn 1 x

T BC r

Lootting of fen `

On theüh .ofiecember ix

or twelve. of thefe birds, S, were feen t near Bexhill : two of theù were fhot and brought

Its length fr om. the S of i end of the tail is | eight. inches amd an |. half; its brea tip to tip of the wings when ic half. ts bill i Is an

inch and aquarter long, yelloy black. Its weight 1s two our

fhoulders and, back are of a edges of ‘gach Teather, on th e quill feathers of the wings a

half. ‘The MEUS Reck. fky afh-colour, with the ewhat lighter: the prime : with t their fhafts white, par-

ticularly the firt: the fec SR ills are lighter, with white tips; and the hindermoft are almof "white, having only one dufky fpot. The tail is fhort, and confifts of twelve feathers, of which the four middlemoft are of a dark: dufky - colour, and the four on each fide gradually fhorter, and of a, pale afh-colour edged with white. The under-fide of the neck and breatt dufky, with the fea- thers o on the breaft fringed with white, , The chin, lower part of the. Ce ` ; breaft, =

a Te

x * E à * . $ ý * a 4 " í $

Sound in the County of Sufix. <` 23

breaft, belly, thighs and vent white, except a few dufky fpots on the fides, thighs and vent. ‘The legs and feet are yellow, naked above the knees; and the toes entirely divided, without the leaft connecting membrane between any of them. The claws are . blackifh.

No. 121: —The Bate Tringa Cin£lus.

Thefe birds are found: in great flocks on our fea-coaft in the winter... I have had feveral of them. in. my poffeffion., There are three remarkable varieties of this fpecies.

On the 1ft of February. 1776, a bird of the firft variety, in its winter drefs, from, which I made this defcription and.a figure, was fhot on the fea-fhore near Bexhill.

Its length from the. tip of the bill to the end of the tail is feven inches; its breadth from tip to tip of the wings when extended, thirteen. inches and an half. Its. bill is an inch and a quarter long, black, and ntor curved downwards near the - tip... The. top of. hi part of the neck, and the back, are of a dufky brownifh {potted with darker brown: the upper: covert feathers of the wings are brown, with the edges of a. lighter colour. feathers of the wings. of a. blackith.brown, having the d. fhafts white: the middle feathers of the tail of a wn, and the reft lighter or whitifh. Tbe under fi neck, and upper part of the breaft, are-of.a pale duíky brown, fpotted with darker brown: the reft of the breaft, belly, and covert feathers under the tail, are of a. pure. white... The legs and feet are black, and have not any membrane or web between the joints of any of the toes. -

-I have fince feen feveral of thefe birds in the winter, which all. agreed exa&ly with the above defcription, except